Which cancers are caused by HPV?
High-risk HPV cause several types of cancer.
- Cervical Cancer - Virtually all cases of cervical cancer are caused by HPV, and just two HPV types, 16 and 18, are responsible for about 70 percent of all cases (7 8).
- Anal Cancer - About 95 percent of anal cancers are caused by HPV. Most of these are caused by HPV type 16.
- Orapharyngeal Cancer - (cancers of the middle part of the throat, including the soft Pallet, the base of the tongue, and the tonsils - About 70 percent of oropharyngeal cancers are caused by HPV. In the United States,than half of cancers diagnosed in the oropharynx are linked to HPV type 16 (9).
- Rarer cancers: HPV causes about 65 percent of Vaginal Cancers, 50 percent of Vulvar Cancer, and 35 percent of Penile (10). Most of these are caused by HPV type 16.
High-risk HPV types cause approximately 5 percent of all cancers worldwide (11
). In the United States, high-risk HPV types cause approximately 3 percent of all cancer cases among women and 2 percent of all cancer cases among men (12
Every year, more than 30,000 human papillomavirus (HPV)-related cancers are diagnosed. Many of these could have been prevented by HPV vaccination. The HPV Vaccine is recommended for boys and girls at age 11 or 12.
To increase awareness that the HPV vaccine is cancer prevention, CDC has funded the American Cancer Society to work with partners to promote activities that improve HPV vaccination delivery. Through engagement and coordination with experts in immunization and cancer, the Roundtable will help promote and implement HPV vaccination, preventing future cancel