Once males get over the age of 40, their prostates grow --it's known as "benign prostate enlargement.The prostate is a gland in the male reproductive system located just below the bladder and in front of the rectum. An enlarged prostate has been linked to a number of metabolic diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease but the exact cause is not yet discovered.
There are often no noticeable symptoms of prostate cancer while it is still in the early stages, making the PSA test a critical screening tool. Screening can help find many prostate cancers early.Screening refers to testing to find a disease such as cancer in people who don’t have symptoms of that disease. Prostate cancer screening consists of two examinations:
The common symptoms include:
In more advanced stages, symptoms may include:
The effects of body weight, physical activity, and diet on prostate cancer risk are not clear, but there are things you can do that might lower your risk, such as:
Prostate cancer can often be treated successfully. Prostate cancer treatment includes surgery, chemotherapy, cryotherapy, hormonal therapy, and/or radiation. In some instances, doctors recommend "watchful waiting."
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