Your Kidneys are located near the middle of your back below the rib cage. Keep your kidney healthy by maintaining just the right balance of water and other substances inside your body. Their main job is to filter your blood.
When blood passes through the kidney, the filters sift and hold onto the substances your body might need, such as certain nutrients and much of the water.
The waste and extra water become urine, which flows to your bladder. Your bladder stores urine until you go to the bathroom.
They are also involved in regulating blood pressure, electrolyte balance, and red blood cell production in the body.
Kidney disease usually doesn't make you feel sick until the problem becomes serious and irreversible. Kidney disease can be caused by diabetes, infections, high blood pressure, hepatitis, and other conditions. Diabetes and high blood pressure are the top causes of kidney diseases.
Symptoms include swelling, frequent urination, dry skin, fatigue, and many other signs.
Main symptoms of advanced kidney disease include:
As your kidney disease progresses, your dietary needs will likely change as well. Following a kidney-friendly diet, managing health conditions such as diabetes and hypertension and not smoking may help your kidneys function better and longer, even when you have kidney disease.
A well-balanced meal plan is important for good health. It is even more important for people with kidney disease, because it may help prevent further kidney damage. Work with your dietitian to make a meal plan that helps you get the right amount of calories, protein, carbohydrates, fat and sodium.
Depending on your stage of kidney disease, you may also need to limit your potassium, phosphorus and fluids. Your dietitian can help you with this as well.
Be sure to talk with your healthcare practitioner about your individual nutrition needs.