Prediabetes, Type 2 and Heart Disease
Prediabetes is a condition in which individuals have high blood sugar but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. People with prediabetes have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes and heart disease.
Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes
- One important risk factor for diabetes is family history. Most people with type 2 diabetes have a family member with the disease. If you have a mother, father, brother or sister with type2 diabetes, you are at risk for type 2 diabetes.
- Did you know that as you get older, you have a greater chance of getting type 2 diabetes? It’s true. If you have a family history of diabetes – or other risk factors that increase your chances of getting type 2 diabetes such as being overweight or obese, physically inactive, over the age of 45, or if you got diabetes during pregnancy.
There are things you can do to help prevent or delay the onset of the disease.
- Eat well to help prevent or delay type 2 diabetes: Choose foods such as fruits and vegetables, fish, chicken and turkey without the skin, dry beans and peas, whole grains, and low-fat or skim milk and cheese. Drink water instead of juices or sodas.
- When eating a meal, fill half of your plate with fruits and vegetables, one quarter with a lean protein, such as beans, or chicken or turkey without the skin, and one quarter with a whole grain, such as brown rice or whole wheat pasta.
- Set a goal to be active at least 30 minutes, 5 days per week. You can start slow by taking 10 minute walks, 3 times a day. Ask family members to be active with you.
- Every day write down what you eat and drink and the number of minutes you are active.
- Review it every day. This will help you reach your goals.
Talk to your doctor about your family health history.
Diabetes is a serious disease and it is important to know
your risk for type 2 diabetes.