November is National Diabetes Month for 2014. Taking Care of Your Diabetes Means Taking Care of Your Heart.
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November is National Diabetes Month for 2014. Taking Care of Your Diabetes Means Taking Care of Your Heart.

Diabetes is a complex group of diseases with a variety of causesDiabetes is a disease in which blood glucose levels are above normal. People with diabetes have high blood glucose, also called high blood sugar or hyperglycemia. 

The Four Major Types of Diabetes:

  1. Type 1 diabetes – Occurs when the body fails to produce insulin, the hormone that "unlocks" the cells of the body, allowing glucose to enter and fuel them. 

  1. Type 2 diabetes - Results from insulin resistance (a condition in which the body fails to properly use insulin), and after several years, the insulin production decreases.

  • Gestational diabetes – is a type of diabetes that only pregnant women get.

Over time, high blood glucose damages nerves and blood vessels, leading to complications such as heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, dental disease, and amputations. Other complications of diabetes may include increased susceptibility to other diseases, loss of mobility with aging, depression, and pregnancy problems.

Blood tests are used to diagnosis diabetes and prediabetes because early in the disease type 2 diabetes may have no symptoms. Testing enables health care providers to find and treat diabetes before complications occur and to find and treat prediabetes, which can delay or prevent type 2 diabetes from developing.

The pancreas, an organ that lies near the stomach, makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies. When you have diabetes, your body either doesn't make enough insulin or can't use its own insulin as well as it should. This causes sugar to build up in your blood.

Diabetes Symptoms: 

  • The most common diabetes symptoms include frequent urination, intense thirst and hunger, weight gain, unusual weight loss, fatigue, cuts and bruises that do not heal, male sexual dysfunction, numbness and tingling in hands and feet.

MANY THINGS can change or affect your blood glucose level:

The foods you eat--
  • Many types of foods cause blood glucose to rise, and some foods cause it to rise more than other. Meal planning can be one of the most challenging parts of caring for your diabetes

The type and amount of activity that you do--

  • Regular physical activity is one of the most important things you can do to manage and live well with your diabetes 

The type of diabetes medicines you take:
  • Type 1 diabetes is nowhere near as common as type 2 diabetes. Healthy eating, physical activity, and insulin injections are the basic therapies for type 1 diabetes. The amount of insulin taken must be balanced with food intake and daily activities.

  • If you take insulin or medications that increase insulin levels, monitor your blood glucose before, during and many hours after your activity to see how it affects your blood glucose levels.

  • Insulin, whether you still make enough of your own or take it by injection, helps glucose enter the cells of the body. 

You can delay and possibly prevent diabetes by losing a small amount of weight (5 to 7 percent of total body weight) through 30 minutes of physical activity 5 days a week and practice healthier eating habits.













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