Diabetes is a complex group of diseases with a variety of causes. Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose levels are above normal. People with diabetes have high blood glucose, also called high blood sugar or hyperglycemia.
The Four Major Types of Diabetes:
Over time, high blood glucose damages nerves and blood vessels, leading to complications such as heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, dental disease, and amputations. Other complications of diabetes may include increased susceptibility to other diseases, loss of mobility with aging, depression, and pregnancy problems.
Blood tests are used to diagnosis diabetes and prediabetes because early in the disease type 2 diabetes may have no symptoms. Testing enables health care providers to find and treat diabetes before complications occur and to find and treat prediabetes, which can delay or prevent type 2 diabetes from developing.
The pancreas, an organ that lies near the stomach, makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies. When you have diabetes, your body either doesn't make enough insulin or can't use its own insulin as well as it should. This causes sugar to build up in your blood.
MANY THINGS can change or affect your blood glucose level:
The foods you eat--
The type and amount of activity that you do--
The type of diabetes medicines you take:
You can delay and possibly prevent diabetes by losing a small amount of weight (5 to 7 percent of total body weight) through 30 minutes of physical activity 5 days a week and practice healthier eating habits.