Down Syndrome: It is important to remember that while children and adults with Down syndrome experience developmental delays, they also have many talents and gifts and should be given the opportunity and encouragement to develop them.
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Down Syndrome: It is important to remember that while children and adults with Down syndrome experience developmental delays, they also have many talents and gifts and should be given the opportunity and encouragement to develop them.

Down Syndrome is a genetic condition that causes delays in physical and intellectual development. Down syndrome is not related to race, nationality, religion, socioeconomic status or anything the mother did during pregnancy.Down syndrome is the most common genetic chromosomal disorder and cause of learning disabilities in children.

Even though people with Down syndrome might act and look similar, each person has different abilities.  Raising a baby with Down Syndrome, or any baby with special needs, doesn't have to be the hardship many  people expect.  Better understanding of Down syndrome and early interventions can greatly increase the quality of life for children and adults with this disorder and help them live fulfilling lives. 

Doctors can diagnose Down syndrome during pregnancy or after the baby is born. Some families want to know during pregnancy whether their baby has Down syndrome. Diagnosis of Down syndrome during pregnancy can allow parents and families to prepare for their baby’s special needs.

  • Two types of procedures are available to pregnant women: screening tests and diagnostic tests. The screening tests estimate the risk of the baby having Down syndrome. Diagnostic tests tell whether or not the baby actually has Down syndrome.

It is very important that an echo cardiogram be performed on all newborns with Down syndrome in order to identify any serious cardiac problems that might be presentDown syndrome is usually identified at birth or shortly thereafter. Initially the diagnosis is based on physical characteristics that are commonly seen in babies with Down syndrome.  These include:
  •  low muscle tone or loose joints
  •  a single crease across the palm of the hand,
  • a slightly flattened facial profile 
  • and an upward slant to the eyes
  • A tongue that tends to stick out of the mouth
  • Small pinky fingers that sometimes curve toward the thumb
  • Tiny white spots on the iris (colored part) of the eye.

Some people with Down syndrome might have one or more major birth defects or other medical problems. Health care providers routinely monitor children with Down syndrome for these conditions. If they are diagnosed, treatment is offered.

  • About half the children with Down syndrome are born with some type of heart defect. These heart problems can be life-threatening and may require surgery in early infancy.

  • . Young children with Down syndrome have an increased risk of leukemia.

  • Because of abnormalities in their immune systems, those with Down syndrome are much more at risk of infectious diseases, such as pneumonia.

  • People with Down syndrome have a greatly increased risk of dementia — signs and symptoms may begin around age 50. Those who have dementia also have a higher rate of seizures. Having Down syndrome also increases the risk of developing Alzheimer's disease.

  • Because of soft tissue and skeletal changes that lead to the obstruction of their airways, children and adults with Down syndrome are at greater risk of obstructive sleep apnea.

  • obesity

It is important for people with Down syndrome to be involved in their community, take good care of themselves, and see a healthcare provider regularly. Families of people with Down syndrome often can help their loved ones by connecting with other families that have had children with Down syndrome. This may help families gain insight into overcoming potential differences in caring for their child with Down syndrome.





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