People of all ages and sexes can develop hernias. Usually, there is no clear cause of a hernia.Sometimes, hernias occur with heavy lifting, straining while using the toilet, or any activity that raises the pressure inside the belly. Hernias may be present at birth, but the bulge may not be noticeable until later in life. Also, some persons have a family history of hernias. There are many types of hernias, including the following:
- Inguinal hernias – in the groin
- Umbilical – surrounding the belly button
- Incisional – through a scar
- Hiatal – through the diaphragm
- Congenital diaphragmatic – birth defect
Did you Know?; The majority of hernias occur in the groin area where a piece of the intestine protrudes through a weakened or torn abdominal wall.
Which type of hernia you have depends on where it is:
- Femoral hernia is a bulge in the upper thigh, just below the groin. This type is more common in women than men.
- Hiatal hernia occurs in the upper part of the stomach. Part of the upper stomach pushes into the chest.
- Incisional hernia can occur through a scar if you have had abdominal surgery in the past.
- Umbilical hernia is a bulge around the belly button. It occurs when the muscle around the belly button does not close completely.
- Inguinal hernia is a bulge in the groin. It is more common in men. It may go all the way down into the scrotum.
Hernias can be repaired only through surgery. However, new advances in technology and techniques enable physicians to treat hernia patients quickly, on an outpatient basis, with minimal pain and a short recuperation period
Call your health care provider right away if:
- You have a painful hernia and the contents cannot be pushed back into the abdomen using gentle pressure
- You develop nausea, vomiting, or a fever along with a painful hernia
- You have a hernia that becomes red, purple, dark, or discolored
Also if :
- You have groin pain, swelling, or a bulge
- You have a bulge or swelling in the groin or belly button, or that is associated with a previous surgical cut.
You can minimize the risk or prevent, Hernias, if you:
- Use proper lifting techniques.
- Lose weight if you are overweight.
- Relieve or avoid constipation by eating plenty of fiber, drinking lots of fluid, going to the bathroom as soon as you have the urge, and exercising regularly.
Men should see their health care provider if they strain with urination. This may be a symptom of an enlarged prostate.
If you notice a bulge in the groin or abdominal area that won't go away with exercise or weight loss, Please see a doctor it can become serious if left untreated.