Autism is a complex mental condition and developmental disability, characterized by difficulties in the way a person communicates and interacts with other people. (ASD stands for Autism Spectrum Disorder and can sometimes be referred to as Autistic Spectrum Disorder. In this text Autism and ASD mean the same.)
Autism can be be present from birth or form during early childhood (typically within the first three years).·Scientists aren't certain about what causes ASD, but it’s likely that both genetics and environment play a role. Researchers have identified a number of genes associated with the disorder.
People with autism have set of symptoms unique to themselves; no two people are the same. However there are some common characteristics among people with the Disorder.
Briefly, these characteristics include:
Unfortunately, There is no cure for ASDs. However, For many children, symptoms improve with treatment and with age. Therapies and behavioral interventions are designed to remedy specific symptoms and can bring about substantial improvement.
The ideal treatment plan coordinates therapies and interventions that meet the specific needs of individual children. Doctors may prescribe medications for treatment of specific autism-related symptoms, such as anxiety, depression, or obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Therapists use highly structured and intensive skill-oriented training sessions to help children develop social and language skills, such as Applied Behavioral Analysis. Family counseling for the parents and siblings of children with an ASD often helps families cope with the particular challenges of living with a child with an ASD. The earlier the intervention, the better.
People with an ASD usually continue to need services and supports as they get older, but many are able to work successfully and live independently or within a supportive environment.