Prostate cancer is a disease which only affects men. Cancer begins to grow in the prostate - (a gland in the male reproductive system.) Prostate cancer is mostly a very slow progressing disease. In fact, many men die of old age, without ever knowing they had prostate cancer - it is only when an autopsy is done that doctors know it was there.
There are many possible factors that causes Prostrate Cancer including age, race, lifestyle, medications, and genetics, to name a few.
Age is considered as the primary risk factor. Prostate cancer usually occurs in older men, The older a man is, the higher is his risk. Prostate cancer is rare among men under the age of 45, but much more common after the age of 50
Statistics indicate that genetics is definitely a factor in prostate cancer risk - A man whose brother or father had/had prostate cancer runs twice the risk of developing it, compared to other men.
.When symptoms do exist, they are usually one or more of the following:
- you urinates more often
- you gets up at night more often to urinate
- you find it hard to start urinating
- you find it hard to keep urinating once he has started
- There may be blood in the urine
- Urination might be painful
- Ejaculation may be painful (less common)
- Achieving or maintaining an erection may be difficult (less common)
If the prostate cancer is advanced the following symptoms are also possible
- Bone pain, often in the spine (vertebrae), pelvis, or ribs
- The primal part of the femur can be painful
- Leg weakness (if cancer has spread to the spine and compressed the spinal cord)
If you are suffering from any of the symptoms or know anyone who is, Its very important that you get tested as soon as possible.
- However, If you Tested and learn that you have prostate cancer, you may need other tests to help with making decisions about treatment.Treatment for prostate cancer may include everything from "watchful waiting" to removal of the entire prostate gland.
One of the most important factors in deciding how to treat prostate cancer is staging
- Staging tests can show the stage (extent) of prostate cancer, such as whether cancer cells have spread to other parts of the body,which will help your doctor to help you make the best decision about treatment, and develop a treatment plan that meets your medical and personal needs.
- Prostate cancer treatment includes surgery, chemotherapy, cryotherapy, hormonal therapy, and/or radiation. In some instances, doctors recommend "watchful waiting."